It is very important to prepare particles correct otherwise it can be dangerous to fish especially when pre-baiting with large quantities. Here are a few guidelines on how to and for how long to prepare different particles:
Partiblend, Flaked Maize, Groats, Moth Beans
No Pre-Soak is necessary. Boil for 1 minute.
Red Dari, White Dari, Wheat, Buckwheat
Pre-Soak for 6 hrs and Boil for 10-15 minutes
Pre-Soak for 12-14 hours and boil until split
Chopped Tigers, Chick Peas, Sweet Lupins, Maple Peas, Tares, Adzuki Beans, Blackeye Beans, Haricot Beans, Red Kidney Beans, Lima Beans, Pinto Beans, Soya Beans
Pre-Soak for 12-14 hours and Boil for 20-30 minutes
Broken Brazils, Peanut Kernels
Pre-Soak for 12-18 hours and Boil for 20-30 minutes
Tiger Nuts, Whole Maize, Whole Brazils
Pre-Soak for 24 hours and boil for 30 minutes
Although there are many more ways of presenting particle baits such as sprouting, fermenting, colouring and flavouring, provided the guidelines are adhered to, the baits listed will be totally harmless to all fish and can be used with the knowledge that they are completely safe.
When soaking, particles absorb water quickly. Check and top up after two hours and again after four hours. Always allow plenty of water to cover the particles, and where boiling is specified this must be done to ensure safe preparation. If in any doubt, play safe. It is impossible to oversoak.
*Bird seed mixes must not contain peanuts when prepared; this may be hazardous to the fish. Prepare peanuts separately!
1. Hemp - during certain times of the year, when hemp becomes difficult to split, follow the above process and then wash it with fresh water, pour boiling water back onto it and leave it to soak in a bucket or pail until it splits (maybe a further 24-48hrs). Dont panic it will split!
2. When any product is boiled or heat treated the molecular structure and nutritional profile (including attraction properties) are denatured and damaged. This means that the less boiling time required making the particles suitable for use, the better. However, it is vital to ensure particle baits are correctly prepared to avoid fish damage. Therefore, pre-soak particles for longer than usual, making required boiling times shorter.
3. To improve attraction properties, leave the boiled particles to soak and partly ferment in their naturally occurring sugars that remain in the boiling water. After several days certain particles will start to form a caramelizing liquid that makes the final particle much more attractive.
4. Tiny particles such as hemp, wheat, barley, dari, rapeseed, or mixes of tiny birdseeds, can also be prepared by putting in a lidded bucket or cool box overnight, with boiling water added.
5. Peanuts MUST be human grade; non-human grade nuts may contain the Aflotoxin fungus, which KILLS FISH. If in doubt, don't use them or buy peanuts from the Supermarket still in their shells.
6. Maximizing soaking times and minimizing boil times will result in better nutrient levels in the finished particles. Most particles can be soaked for up to a week before boiling. Additives should be added during the cool down process of 6 hours because its better absorbed during this stage as the smell and nutrients does not disappear like it would during the cooking process.